• Along the Coliseum Line,

    ST. CHARLES
    CARONDELET
    UPPER MAGAZINE and
    OTHER STREETS

  • An interesting portion of New Orleans is that through which the Coliseum car passes. The car starts at the Louisville and Nashville depot, near the foot of Canal Street, and traverses the great boulevard as far as the corner of Carondelet Street, into which it turns, proceeding thence to Clio, to Felicity, to Coliseum, to Chestnut, to Louisiana Avenue, to Magazine and Broadway, to Maple and Carrollton Avenue. It returns by way of Maple Street to Broadway, to Magazine, to Calliope, and thence proceeds down St. Charles to its starting point in Canal Street. From the many turns and zig-zags along the winding route, it has often been called the "Snake Line."

  • Before beginning this long ride, which leads really through a very beautiful and important section of New Orleans, the tourist will find it interesting to walk from Canal Street to Poydras, stopping en route to inspect leading points in the great commercial thoroughfares of St. Charles and Carondelet Streets.

  • Carondelet is the Wall Street

    of New Orleans. The cotton and stock brokers for the most part are established along this street. Almost all the railroads have their offices in the neighborhood of St. Charles and Common streets, as also the express and telegraph companies. On St. Charles, one square from Canal, between Common and Gravier, is the

  • St. Charles Hotel.

    The present hotel is the phoenix of three structures bearing the same name that have successively risen upon this historic spot. The first St. Charles Hotel was erected in 1835, at a cost of $700,000. It took three years to build it. It was characterized by a magnificent portico of Corinthian columns, from which a flight of marble steps led to the hotel. Its rotunda was world-famed. A dome forty-six feet in diameter surmounted the edifice, which was considered at that period one of the most beautiful in the world. Its erection marked the beginning of the great hotels of America, and it was only after some years that it was rivalled by the Astor House, of New York City. A. Oakey Hall, afterwards Mayor of New York, wrote of it shortly after its erection: "Set the St. Charles Hotel down in St. Petersburg, and you will think it is a palace; in Boston, and, ten to one, you would christen it a college; in London, and it would marvelously remind you of an exchange. In New Orleans it is all three.

  • The hotel was the resort of the wealthiest planters of the South. Its weekly balls were famous. In 1851 the building was destroyed by fire. Many other buildings which were historic landmarks also passed away, among others the First Presbyterian Church. The total loss was $1,000,000. Within two days the directors of the hotel met and decided to rebuild. In twelve months the new hotel was finished. This building was the scene of many stirring events of the decade between 1851 and 1861. In its parlors Jefferson Davis and a number of Southern leaders met on their way to the Charleston Convention of 1860, and decided on the course they would pursue. The building had been leased to Messrs. Hildreth and Hall. In 1862 the course of Mr. Hildreth in refusing to give General Butler accommodations in the hotel came near resulting in a serious street disturbance. Hildreth was a Northern man and a relative of General Butler's wife. But he was intensely Southern in his sympathies, and was an active member of the Confederate Guards. When Butler reached the city, on May 2, he sent messengers to the hotel to ask for rooms for himself and his staff. He soon followed, accompanied by a large military guard. Mr. Hildreth declined to admit him, declaring that the hotel was closed. Butler demanded the keys, which were refused him. In the meanwhile the angry crowd had gathered in the neighboring thoroughfares, hooting the General and threatening him with personal violence. The crowd interfered with the officers who were trying to force their way into the hotel, but was finally dispersed. Butler took refuge in the barroom, and there held a conference with Mayor Monroe and the City Council. These gentlemen agreed to do ail in their power to maintain the peace. Butler finally succeeded in obtaining possession of the hotel and opened it to his officers. A few days later he moved to the Twiggs House, and the lessees again obtained possession of their property. During the remainder of the war it was kept open. In 1866 many of the impoverished Confederates were entertained here free of charge. The books showed that bills contracted by them to the amount of $30,000 had never been sent out for collection. This historic building was destroyed by fire April 28, 1894. A great deal of sentiment was attached to the bid hotel, and its destruction moved many to tears. From the ruins of the famous old hostlery like magic sprang up' the new St. Charles Hotel, superb and modern in all its appointments. From the first glimpse of its chaste red exterior with palms and banana trees waving amid its colonaded walks, to the beautiful palm gardens glowing with tropical verdure, the stately parlors and marble-floored dining-halls, the hotel is a perpetual delight to the artistic observer. It is the palatial fin-de-siècle hostlery of the South. The most important event in its history was the entertaining of president and Mrs. McKinley and the Cabinet suite during their visit to New Orleans prior to the President's assassination at Buffalo. Just back of the hotel are the two annexes which give it a capacity for 1000 guests. The hotel now ranks as the fourth in size in the United States.

  • Directly opposite" the Cotton Exchange, at the corner of Carondelet and Gravier, will be seen in course of construction the handsome new building of the Hibernia Bank and Trust Company. The building is twelve stories high, and has a frontage of 140 feet on Carondelet Street, and a depth of 100 feet on Gravier Street. It is not only the largest building as to the amount of floor space offered in New Orleans, but one of the most handsomely appointed edifices in the city. The first two floors are of granite, and the remainder of the building of light brick or terra cotta The total estimated cost is about $850,000. Work began on October 1, 1902. The Hibernia Bank and Trust Company occupies the first floor, and the remainder is utilized as business offices, On the twelfth floor a Merchants' Noonday Club will be put in, the membership of which is expected to reach seven or eight hundred.

  • At the corner of Common and Carondelet Streets, on the river side, stands the handsome building owned and occupied by the

  • Liverpool and London and Globe

    Insurance Company. As will be seen by the accompanying illustration, it is one of the most notable of the city's business buildings. It was erected at great expense and is viewed with great interest by strangers on account of the architectural beauty and finish of both exterior and interior. The company's general offices are on the first floor, and here is handled the large business coming to it from the six States under the jurisdiction of the local office. In erecting this building the company has shown its desire to be regarded as a local institution and its great faith in the future of New Orleans. A second building has recently been erected as an annex, similar in point of architecture and finish to the main building. During the fifty-four years of its honored existence in this country this great corporation has paid out $90,000,000 in losses. Such a record, added to a wide-spread reputation for liberal dealing and undoubted solvency hate gained for the company the full confidence of the insuring public.

  • The State Board of Health has its office on the second floor. This Board controls the elaborate quarantine system by which contagious diseases from the Latin-American ports are prevented from entering the United States.

  • The handsome building with classic exterior at the north-west corner of Carondelet and Common is the headquarters of the Commercial Bank and Trust Company, recently erected.

  • On the lake side of Carondelet and Common Streets are the Hennen Building and its annex, the Cora Building, which were erected at a cost of $300,000 in 1885 by Alfred Hennen Morris, son of the late John A. Morris. The buildings are used for offices. The City Board of Health has its office in the Cora building, which is just back of the Hennen.

  • The Stock Exchange is located in the Denegre Building, which is at No. 221 Carondelet Street.

  • At the corner of Gravier and Carondelet stands the

  • Cotton Exchange,

    which is a fine specimen of the Renaissance style of architecture, and is considered very beautiful. It is built of cream-colored stone. The cost of erection was $380,000. The Cotton Exchange was organized in 1871, with a membership of 100. It has now about 500 names on its roll. The Exchange proper occupies a beautiful apartment superbly frescoed with scenes from the history of Louisiana. Futures are sold around the small fountain at one end of the room. The Exchange enforces obedience to its rules for sampling, buying, selling and delivering cotton, and settles all disputes by arbitration. Reports of the receipts of cotton at all ports, exports and imports, meteorological and crop reports, and other indispensable information are daily posted on the blackboards. The upper floors of the building are occupied by business offices. A small gallery accessible from the stairway or elevator, is open to visitors. A fine view is obtainable from the roof of the building. There is a time-ball on the roof, regulated by telegraphic communication with Washington. It is dropped daily at noon. The Bureau of State Engineers, where the engineering work of the Louisiana Levee system is done, is located in this building.

  • Immense commercial interests combine to make all this section of Gravier, Common, Carondelet and St. Charles one of the busiest business sections of New Orleans.

  • The United Fruit Company occupies the large building at the corner of St. Charles and Union Streets. This site is famous as the one occupied for so many years by the Louisiana State Lottery Company.

  • Adjoining is the building of the People's Homestead Association, the oldest of the homestead associations in New Orleans, the success of which gave inspiration to the many other homestead companies that are now established in this city.

  • The Masonic Temple, a stately edifice in brick, is at the corner of Perdido and St. Charles Streets. The statue on the upper corner pinnacle is of bronze and represents Jacques de Molay. The upper floors are reserved for lodge rooms. The Grand Lodge of Louisiana has its offices here.

  • The St. Charles Orpheum,

    one of the finest of the new modern theatres of New Orleans, occupies the site of the famous St. Charles. Theatre, so often called the "Old Drury." The history of this old theatre, which was destroyed by fire in 1899, extended back over a period of sixty years. It was erected in 1835 by James Caldwell, the scholar and actor, who built the first American theatre in this city in Camp Street in 1823. The cost of the old building was $350,000. Its history was in a great measure the history of the English drama in New Orleans. Such famous stars as the elder Booth, Keane, Macready, Ellen Tree, Patti, Tom Placide, Joseph Jefferson and Mr. and Mrs. Vance acted here. From the ruins of the old theatre there rose this splendid modern playhouse, superb in all its equipments, and erected at a cost of $150,000 by Dr. Geo. K. Pratt It tally sustains the reputation enjoyed by its ancient ancestor.

  • The ruins of the Audubon Theatre, known in other days as the

  • Academy of Music,

    are in the same square. The building was erected in 1853, and that same year the renowned circus man, Dan Rice, opened the theatre. It had a portable stage, and its character as an amphitheatre was retained until 1854, when the Old Varieties, where Mr. and Mrs. Dion Boucicault were to act, burned down. The late David Bidwell, who had assumed their management, and who subsequently became the owner of this, as well as the St. Charles Theatre, immediately leased and renovated the building and named it the Pelican Theatre. Shortly after he gave it the name of "Academy of Music," which it bore until the appellation "Audubon," was given it by a popular vote. In former times its attractions included a museum of natural curiosities. The theatre was destroyed by fire, February 11th, 1903.

  • The Hotel Denechaud, noted for its excellent Creole cuisine, is at the corner of Carondelet and Perdido Streets.

  • In Perdido Street, between Carondelet and Baronne, is the Pythian Hall, where most of the Pythian Lodges are located, and where the Grand Officials of the Order have their offices.

  • Taking the car at this point in Carondelet Street, one passes en route, between Poydras and Lafayette, the "Jewish Right Way" Synagogue. This is the worshiping place of the orthodox Jews.

  • Between Lafayette and Girod is the Carondelet Street Methodist Church, the oldest Methodist Church in the city. It was built shortly before the Civil War, through the liberality and the exertions of Messrs. McGehee and Hill, two prominent Methodists. The church is of brick, and has an Ionic portico, and is covered by a graceful cupola, modeled after the monument of Lysicrates, in Greece. Bishop J. C. Keener, the Senior Bishop of the Southern Methodists often preached here.

  • At 731 Carondelet is the New Orleans Sanitarium and Training School for Nurses. A handsome addition was recently erected at a cost of $39,000.

  • The Touro Synagogue

    is situated on Carondelet Street, between Julia and St. Joseph, it is of Grecian design, and is named after the philanthropist, Judah Touro, who settled in New Orleans in 1801, and died in 1854, leaving an immense fortune, over $400,000 of which was, by the terms of his will, distributed among the religious and charitable institutions of the city. Mr. Touro was a sincerely religious man, and associated himself with a body of Jews who were accustomed to meet for religions services at the home of a gentleman named Andrews, which occupied the site adjoining the Howard Library, on Camp Street, where now stands a neat, one-storied frame residence. In 1845 Mr. Touro purchased the building on the corner of Canal and Bourbon Streets, which had up to that year been occupied by the Episcopal congregation of Christ Church. This was converted into a synagogue and presented to his co-religionists. They used it for several years, but disposed of it to remove to the present structure, which is interesting as reproducing with considerable exactness the original home of the venerable and wealthy congregation. In 1882 Touro Synagogue and the old congregation of the Gates of Mercy, organized in 1828, and the oldest in the city, consolidated.

  • The congregation has subsequently been known as the "Gates of Mercy of the Dispersed of Judah." In memory of its great benefactor, the name of Mr. Touro was bestowed upon the place of worship. A special prayer for Mr. Touro has been inserted in the memorial services on the Day of Atonement, and at each annual recurrence of the ceremony the entire congregation rises and remains standing while the rabbi pronounces the solemn sentences.

  • Rev. I. L. Leucht is the presiding rabbi. The synagogue is noted for its beautiful music and excellent choir.

  • The Temple Sinai

    stands on Carondelet Street, near Howard Avenue. This congregation was founded in 1871. The first rabbi of the congregation was Dr. J. K. Gutheim, one of the most eloquent and learned men of his time. This congregation, like that of Touro Synagogue, is composed of reformed Jews. The building is decorated in the Byzantine style, and is very beautiful. The music and chanting here are always very fine. Rev. Max Heller is the presiding rabbi.

  • The third Hebrew congregation was founded in 1850, and erected a synagogue, which it still retains, corner of Jackson and Chippewa Streets.

  • The German Evangelical Lutheran Church is on Clio, near St. Charles Avenue.

  • Further up along this line are many handsome residences. It is the most beautiful part of the Garden District, and the visitor should notice the luxuriance of the flowering shrubs, which blossom even in the depths of winter.

At Washington Street the car passes The H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College for Young Women. This is the female department of the Tulane University. The college occupies a whole square, the handsome central building facing on Washington Street was formerly known as the Burnside residence, having been the home of an eccentric millionaire of that name. It was built originally by James Robb. a great banker of ante-bellum days, in imitation of the country seat of an English nobleman. The house at one time contained a celebrated collection of pictures, including many paintings from the gallery of Prince Jerome Bonaparte, at Bordentown, N. J. These pictures were sold to local dealers some eight years ago. The upper story of this building was added after the purchase by the' University. The lower floor contains several rooms with the original frescoes.

The Sophie Newcomb

Memorial Room is worth a visit, if only to see the magnificent reflecting mirrors of old Moorish design, said to be the finest in the United States. This room also contains all the childhood souvenirs of Haryott Sophie Newcomb, who died at the age of 15, in 1866. She was an only child, and her mother, Mrs. Josephine Louise Newcomb, has commemorated her in this magnificent gift. Mrs. Newcomb first donated upward of $450,000 to the college, which she placed under the auspices of Tulane University; at her death, in 1900, she left her vast estate to the college. The grounds contain magnificent live oaks, a tennis court, and grouped around are the Newcomb High School, which is preparatory to the college, the art building, gymnasium, pottery building and chapel. The pottery building, which is directly opposite the Camp Street entrance to the college, has its own kiln, and the manufactures are all of Louisiana clay. In the art building is a rare collection of old paintings, and some quaint curios, among others illuminated missals from the fourteenth century. A marble statue of St. George, costing $5,000, adorns the art building. The beautiful little chapel, in which services are yearly held in memory of H. Sophie Newcomb, contains several handsome stained glass windows by Tiffany, among others a representation of the "Resurrection Morn," said to be the finest piece of work ever sent out by Tiffany, and which adorned the chapel exhibited by this company at the World's Exposition in Chicago, in 1893. The Newcomb library is constantly growing, and now numbers about 10,000 volumes. Opposite the college is the Newcomb dormitory, recently built and donated to the college by Mrs. Newcomb as a home for the students, and just around the corner stands the private residence of the generous donor, which, since her death, has been made an annex to the college dormitory.

At the corner of Chestnut and Louisiana Avenue is the Catholic Church of Our Lady of Good Counsel, built in 1882.

The Cumberland Telephone Company has recently erected a handsome new building in the square bounded by Coliseum, Foucher, Camp and Chestnut.

At the corner of Louisiana Avenue and Magazine is the Louisiana Avenue Methodist Church, erected in 1896.

The Valence Street Baptist Church is on the corner of Valence and Magazine.

At No. 5116 Magazine, between Soniat and Dufossat Streets, is the Southern University, for the education of colored persons. Coeducation is in force here. The school is excellent and the instruction of an advanced character.

The handsome brown brick building embowered in foliage, on Magazine Street, between Leontine and Peters, is the

Poydras Asylum,

founded in 1817, through the liberality of Julian Poydras. The Asylum was the outgrowth of a peculiar and pathetic incident dating back to the year 1817, when an immigrant vessel came to New Orleans with cholera on board and twenty little children who had been rendered fatherless and motherless by the ravages of the terrible scourge while the vessel was at sea. A kind-hearted gentleman stated the circumstance to Mrs. M. A. Hunter, mother of the celebrated Commodore Hunter, and she at once sought to enlist the sympathies of other women in their behalf. She gathered the little waifs into a rented house, when Julian Poydras heard of their condition and donated, a home for them on the corner of Julia and St. Charles Streets, where the house known as the Spofford property stands. The property was subsequently leased out for a period of fifty years, and in 1905 it will revert to the Asylum.

Julian Poydras was a young Frenchman who came to New Orleans from San Domingo in the days of Governor Galvez. He was a poet and a scholar, but he was very poor. He was not ashamed, as the old traditions run, to carry a pack on his back, and furnished himself with a peddler's stock and traveled up the coast on foot all the way to St. Louis, thus beginning the commercial connections of the great Mississippi Valley. Out of his industry came wealth, honors, slaves, plantations and a colonial home. He is recalled in Creole traditions as a courtly gentleman, who always dressed in the Louis XV style. At his ancient villa, near where the Poydras market now stands, he entertained the most distinguished persons, among others the sons of Philip Bgalite, when they came to New Orleans. But it is also related of him that his villa was ever open to peddlers, and an old Creole chanson says that "no man with a pack on his back was ever turned from the door of Julian Poydras. In 1817 he founded the Poydras Asylum, erecting it out of his own means. He munificently endowed the Asylum at his death. In 1836 the present building was erected, at a cost of $90,000. It was first placed in the charge of the Sisters of Charity, but at his death the institution passed entirely under the control of the Presbyterian Directory, and the government was transferred to a Board of Lady Managers. The institution is beautifully kept. In the rear are extensive vegetable gardens, which supply the Asylum. Upon the walls of the reception room hang the pictures of Julian Poydras and Mrs. Hunter.

Parker Chapel is the small wooden church at the comer of Magazine and Peters Avenue.

The German Protestant Home is at the corner of Magazine and Eleonore.

The German Orphan Asylum is on State and Magazine.

Audubon Park is the site of the Cotton Centennial Exposition of 1884, and the Horticultural Hall, where many beautiful tropical palms and exotics bloom, is passed. The terminus of the line is at Carrollton avenue.

Returning, at No. 8043 Camp Street, the

Fink Home,

or Asylum for Widows is passed. This asylum was founded through the bequest of Mr. John Fink, a wealthy but eccentric gentleman, who died some years ago. Mr. Fink was an old bachelor, and the story runs that in his youth he fell in love with a beautiful New Orleans girl, who rejected his suit, declaring that she did not believe in girls marrying. She told him that she thought that they should become old maids, and thus remain free to work out their own individual destinies. It is related that Mr. Fink pleaded and pleaded, but in vain. The lady remained firm. He therefore shut himself off entirely from the society of ladies, and at his death left a large sum of money to found the "Fink Home for Widows." Down at the end of his testament he added a special restrictive clause, forbidding the entrance into this Home of "any old maid, no matter how aged or dependent she was or necessitous her circumstances." He closed this singular testament with the words, "Let every old maid work out her own individual destiny." It was thus, the Faubourg Ste. Marie declared, Mr. Fink revenged himself upon the fair but cruel sweetheart of his youth.

At the corner of Camp and Foucher Streets is the Frank T. Howard School No. 2, recently erected by Mr. Howard at a cost of nearly $60,000 as a memorial to his mother.

At the corner of Camp and First Streets is a large old-fashioned brown mansion, surrounded by magnificent trees. This is the home of Judge Charles E. Fenner. It was in this house that Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, died in November, 1889.

At No. 815 St Charles, near Julia, is the

Young Men's Christian Association

Building. This commodious structure was erected in 1805, partly through the liberality of Mr. J. H. Keller, a wealthy manufacturer. The reading-room, on the first floor, is free to the public. The members of the Association nave access to an excellent gymnasium, swimming tank and baths, the use of the parlors, dining-hall, etc. On the second floor is a large hall called the Helme Memorial Hall. An observatory on the roof affords a splendid view of the city.

Near the corner of St. Charles and Julia, Streets, in the beautiful cultivated garden spot on the river side of the street, there stood until 1902 the famous Church of the Messiah, which was erected by the Hebrew philanthropist, Judah P. Touro, in 1854, for the use of his friend, the celebrated Unitarian minister, Dr. Theodore Clapp, when the tatter's church was destroyed by fire after his secession from Presbyterianism. The church cost $60,000, and was a very curious piece of architecture. It was octagonal in form, and the aisles and clerestory gave it a pleasing effect. This church was sold in 1902, and from the proceeds of the sale the new edifice, corner of Dryades and Peters Avenue, was erected. The old church was demolished.

Between Julia and Girod Streets stands the

Washington Artillery Hall,

where the famous Washington Artillery has its headquarters. It was away back in 1838 that the "Native American Artillery" was organised in New Orleans. In 1841 it attached itself to the Washington Battalion, and in 1844 this battalion was augmented by the transfer from the Louisiana Legion of three companies, the Orleans Cadets, the Louisiana Grays and the Orleans Grenadiers. Francis A. Lumsdeny one of the founders and proprietors of the Picayune, was the Captain of the latter company. The battalion became known as the Washington Regiment, with General Persifer F. Smith as the commanding officer. In 1846, when the "Army of Occupation" under General Zachary Taylor, was dispatched to Texas, General Gaines, of the United States Army, Department of the South, issued a call for troops. The Washington Battalion responded and went to Mexico, near the Bio Grande. Shortly after the Mexican War the battalion adopted the name of the Washington Artillery When the Civil War broke out the battalion was among the first to respond. It was mustered into the service in Lafayette Square, and, marching to the old Christ Church, in Canal Street, received a flag, presented by the ladies of New Orleans, costing $1,000. Mr. Judah P. Benjamin made the presentation. The command fired the first gun at Bull Run and brought up the rear at Appomattox. After the collapse of the Southern cause, the survivors returned to their homes, but the tie of comradeship and the pride. of the old corps were too strong to be kept down. As it was the reconstruction era and the Confederate soldiers were not allowed to continue their military organization, the company took the name of a benevolent association, whose object was to care for the needy and to erect a monument to its dead. The handsome monument in Metairie Cemetery tells its own story. Before the war the company's arsenal was located on Girod Street, but this building was confiscated while the battalion was in the Confederate service. In 1875 the Battalion of the Washington Artillery was reorganized, and in 1880 Colonel John B. Richardson, who had been promoted to the command, succeeded in purchasing the present spacious arsenal. This hall was erected in 1872 as an exposition building, to afford a permanent place for the exhibition of all the manufactured articles used in the South. The building has a frontage of 86 feet and a depth of 341. The ballroom, on the second floor, in which the Rex balls are given, is 200 feet long. The arsenal contains some valuable relics of the Mexican and Civil Wars. Among the latter are the magnificent flag, on which are the names of the sixty battles in which the command participated, and a famous painting by Julio, valued at $5,000. It represents the last meeting of Robert Lee and Stonewall Jackson at Chancellorsville. The catafalque upon which the remains of Jefferson Davis were borne to the grave occupies a conspicuous place in the arsenal.

Soule's Commercial College is at the corner of St. Charles and Lafayette Streets. The college was founded in 1856, and occupies a leading place among the educational institutions of the city. The handsome new building, erected in 1902, occupies the site of an ancient structure which was one of the landmarks of the American quarter.

Thence to Canal Street the car passes directly in front of the City Hall, the magnificent mansion of the well-known public benefactor, Mr. Frank T. Howard, which adjoins it, business houses and theatres, the St. Charles Hotel, and railroad offices, and, turning from St Charles into Canal Street, passes the Crescent Billiard Hall, a retort celebrated for the past forty years.

Tchoupitoulas Street

Tchoupitoulas is mainly a business street, and the best way to see it is to take the car which runs up the street from Canal to Audubon Park. The lower part of the street nearest Canal is lined with immense groceries and warehouses. Further up are a number of foundries and metal working establishments. Throughout the route glimpses may be caught from time to time of shipping lying alongside the wharves.

The shot tower is at the corner of St Joseph Street It is the highest tower in the city.

The heart of the cotton press district is next passed.

Near Louisiana Avenue are several grain elevators.

The Stuyvesant Docks are on the river front, between Delachaise and Voucher Streets, and are of great interest. The elevator is of gigantic size. A very elaborate system of grain carriers and railway terminals exist. The elevator has a capacity of 1,000,000 bushels, or about 1.200 cars. If coupled together these cars would make a chain eight miles long. The elevator can unload 250 cars a day* and at the same time deliver, through an unequaled system of conveyors, to four steamships at once. It is the largest, the best-equipped and busiest elevator in the United States, In addition to the other facilities, There are wharves 1,500 feet in length.

Annunciation Street

The Annunciation Street car follows the line of the Coliseum car, from Canal as far as Erato Street. It diverges there to Annunciation. It will take the visitor through a picturesque part of town. . In the vicinity of Annunciation Square it 'passes through the cotton, press district, where, in the season, thousands of bales of the fleecy staple are pressed and stored. Long rows of bales may be seen banked along the sidewalk. The dull rumble of the presses is constantly heard. If the visitor has never seen the presses in operation, it will be well for him to visit one of the yards, where he will willingly be admitted to see its wonders.

St. Simeons occupies "the line old colonial building' occupying the entire square on Annunciation, near Erato Street. It is in charge of the Sisters of Charity."

A detour is made around Annunciation Square. This square was presented to the city by a private citizen. On the woods side is the beautiful residence of the late B. J. Hart.

Just opposite Annunciation Square, on the river side, are St. Michael's Church, presbytery and parochial schools.

At the corner of Orange and Annunciation the visitor will notice an old-fashioned wooden residence, with pillared veranda and dormer windows. This was formerly the Stanley residence.

Mr. Stanley was a cotton merchant of a charitable disposition. He adopted Henry M. Stanley, the famous, explorer, who at that time was a destitute orphan. Stanley's name was assumed by the boy in lieu of his own, which was originally John Rowlands.

Clay Square is on Annunciation, between Second and Third Streets.

Peters Avenue and Dryades.

These cars, which' start on Canal, near the river, traverse the least attractive part of the city. Going up town, the route is through South Rampart and South Liberty Streets. Above Louisiana Avenue, where the car enters Dryades Street, and in Peters Avenue, there will be noticed indications of the rapid growth of the city. A few years ago these two streets boasted very few residences of any sort; now they are being rapidly built up, and within a brief period will be numbered among the most attractive in the city.

At the corner of Peters Avenue and Dryades Street is the new

Unitarian Church.

This building was erected in 1902, and represents the congregation founded by Dr. Theodore Clapp when he seceded from the Presbyterian Church in 1833, and carried the bulk of his congregation and the church property with him. The history of this congregation has already been referred to, as also the old church edifice which stood for so many years near the corner of St. Charles and Julia Streets; from the proceeds of the sale was erected the present building. Though much smaller than the old church, it is better adapted to the needs of the Unitarian congregation.

At the corner of Peters Avenue and South Rampart stands the Isidore Newman Manual Training" School, the gift of a philanthropic citizen of that name to the Jewish Widows and Orphans Home Association for the manual training of the orphans in the Jewish Home.

The cars stop at the upper station, corner of Arabella and Magazine, within sight of the huge rectangular brick building, the Louisiana Retreat, an insane asylum conducted by the Sisters of Charity. This building stands at the corner of Henry Clay Avenue and Coliseum, and is visible from all the street car lines which run to the Audubon Park.

Returning, St. Mary's Dominican Convent, at No. 1107 Dryades Street, and the Turnverein Hall, at No. 116 Clio, are passed.

At the corner of Calliope is the handsome Church of St. John the Baptist. This is a Catholic Church; it stands between the Dominican Convent and St. John Parochial School and Presbytery.

At Howard Avenue the car passes within sight of the Illinois Central Passenger Station and the head of the New Basin Canal. This canal, by the way, is exceedingly picturesque, filled almost all the time with schooners, and lined with sawmills and wood yards.

At the corner of Lafayette and Dryades is a building of large proportions and obviously once of aristocratic appearance. It was formerly the Turners' Hall, but long ago was abandoned by that organization, being subsequently used as a manual training school by Tulane University, and more recently by a manufacturer of tinware.

Other points of interest are the Poydras Market and the office of the State Medical Society, and the New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal, over the way.

The Picayune's Guide to New Orleans, 1904
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