• Camp Street

    Magazine Street

  • Camp Street is an important business thoroughfare of New Orleans, many stores, banks and insurance companies having their offices in the section between Poydras and Canal. The newspaper offices are also in Camp Street, hence this distinct section is often called "Newspaper Row."

  • The large, brick hardware store on the river side of Camp and Common Streets occupies the site where at one time stood the City Hotel, in its time a famous resort. It played a conspicuous part in the stirring drama of reconstruction days, but was demolished to make way for the present structure Opposite is the handsome marble front building known as the "Tulane-Newcomb," which has been lately elected by the administrators of the Tulane University Fund. The business offices of the University are in this building. The remaining portions are let as offices. On Camp Street, in the middle of block, between Gravier Street and Natchez Alley, stands the four-story granite building occupied by The Picayune.

  • The Picayune

    The Picayune is, with the exception of the French daily, L'Abeille, the oldest paper in Louisiana. It shares with L'Abeille and the Deutsche Zeitung the honor of being the only publications which survived the Civil War. The Picayune was founded in January, 1837, by George Wilkins Kendall and Francis Lumsden, two practical printers. The paper was at first a four-page folio, with, four columns to the page. It was so successful that it was found necessary within a few months to enlarge the sheet, and it continued to grow till it has reached its present dimensions. The present site has been occupied since 1847. After the death of Mr. Lumsden, who was drowned in Lake Erie, in 1860, Mr. Kendall continued the publication of the Picayune with Messrs. Holbrook and Bullitt. Upon the death of Mr. Kendall, in 1867, Mr. Holbrook acquired the sole control. Mr. Holbrook died in 1876, and his widow, whose maiden name was Eliza Jane Poitevent, known to the world of letters as the sweet Southern poet, "Pearl Rivers," took charge of the paper and managed it successfully, with the assistance of Mr. George Nicholson, a man of exceptionally fine business talent, who had been business manager of the Picayune for many years. In 1878 Mrs. Holbrook and Mr. Nicholson were married and the firm name became Nicholson & Co. Mr. Nicholson died in February, 1896, and within ten days his wife followed him to the grave. Side by side they sleep in Metairie Cemetery. The Picayune is now managed under the title of "Estate of Mrs. B. J. Nicholson," in the interest of her two sons, Leonard K. and Yorke P. Nicholson.

  • The Picayune has had a most eventful history during its long existence of sixty-five years. Mr. Kendall brought the paper into great celebrity during the Mexican War, representing it in the field with the army of invasion, and thus being entitled to the honor of being the first of the now numerous tribe of war correspondents. He succeeded, by means of a pony express, in getting news to the Picayune, and through it to the world, in advance of even the Government dispatches. Mrs. Nicholson's management of the paper was exceptionally brilliant, and she is entitled to the honor of having been the first woman in the world who successfully managed a great daily. The recent enterprise of the Picayune, equipped as it is with the most modern and improved machinery that science has devised for newspaper production, has been worthy of its early fame. During the great and disastrous storm, at Chiniere Caminada, in 1893, it was not only the first to give the full news of the catastrophe, but chartered a steamboat to send food and clothing supplies to the sufferers. It took the initiative in New Orleans in providing and securing subscriptions for the sufferers of the late great disaster at Galveston, helped to organize the ladies of the city into a relief association and sent money, clothes and medicine valued at $50,000 to the relief of the storm-stricken people.

  • During the recent war with Spain it was represented in the field by two staff correspondents, and by alliance with the New York Herald secured unrivaled special cable service. In the midst of all the changing events of more than sixty years the Picayune has appeared regularly every morning except during the year 1864, when, for a brief period, the offices were in the hands of the military authorities and the publication was suspended. In addition to the daily, the Picayune issues a twice-a-week edition, and annually at Mardi Gras publishes several beautifully illustrated editions, known far and wide as the "Carnival Editions." Within the past ten years the Picayune has devoted itself sedulously to educating the South in the importance of building cotton mills in the regions where the staple is produced. In this crusade it has, at large expense, sent members of its staff to various parts of the Union, and especially to North Carolina and New England, to study the milling enterprises, which have been so successful there. Entirely at its own cost the Picayune sent Mr. Hargrove, one of these correspondents, to deliver addresses in Mississippi and Louisiana, setting forth the result of his investigations. The Picayune reprinted the articles and letters of these correspondents in two pamphlets, of which more than 45,Q00 copies were distributed, free, throughout the South. Nothing can be more gratifying to the Picayune than the appreciation of its efforts in its home city. It may Interest the tourist to know that the Picayune derives its name from an old Spanish coin called "picayon," which was in circulation in New Orleans in the early part of the century. Its valuation was about 6 1-4 cents. The price of the paper when originally published was a picayune. The five cent coin that superseded the Spanish under American coinage was designated by the Creoles as a picayune. The term, so picturesque and quaint, is still heard frequently in New Orleans among buyers and sellers in the old French Quarter.

  • Parties not exceeding eight or ten in number, who desire to view the Picayune's complete composing room, with its rows of linotype machines, the wonderful press and the stereotyping department, which are among the most instructive sights in the city, are welcome.
    Poydras Street is worth a visit. It is particularly interesting near the river. Lively traffic is maintained on the sidewalks in country produce between the retailers and the commission merchants.
    The Produce Exchange is at the corner of Poydras and Front.

  • Odd Fellows' Hall, on Camp Street, between Poydras and Lafayette Streets, houses many of the lodges of that order. The second floor is occupied by a large hall, often used for concerts, theatricals and balls. One of the most remarkable scenes in the history of the State was enacted here in 1877. It was the last act in the tragic drama of the so-called "Reconstruction Era." On Jan. 1, of that year the Legislature assembled and the Democratic members who constituted the lawfully elected majority, marched in a body to the Hotel Royal, which was then the State House. They were refused admission by the Radical Administration, and found the entrance guarded by armed men. They retired to St. Patrick's Hall and organized, and on January 8,. swore in the legally elected Governor of Louisiana, Francis T. Nicholls.

  • At the same time the Radical usurper, Packard, was inaugurated in the same office in the Hotel Royal. The day after inauguration, Governor Nicholls directed the citizen soldiery as they took possession of the pubic buildings of the city. The Packard Government was besieged for two months, and Federal support being withdrawn, finally yielded to the popular voice. The inauguration of Governor Nicholls was the turning point in the later history of the State.

  • In the square between Poydras and Lafayette Square there stood, until destroyed by fire some years ago, the famous "Moresque Building," considered one of the most beautiful specimens of. Moorish architecture in the South. The exterior was of iron, cast at Holly Springs, Miss., and wrought into beautiful Oriental designs in keeping with the style of architecture.

  • Immediately in front of Odd Fellows' Hall is

  • Lafayette Square.

    It was named after General Lafayette. In the centre of the square stands the monument erected in 1856 to the "Mill Boy of the Sloshes," Henry Clay. The statue is 12 feet high and is of bronze. It was sculptured by the famous Kentucky artist, Joel T. Hart. Until recently Clay Statue stood on the neutral ground at the intersection of Canal, St. Charles and Royal Streets. This spot is commonly regarded as the center of the city. Clay Monument figured in the annals of New Orleans as the great gathering place of the people when bent on business of serious public import. The great revolution of 1874 was precipitated by a speech delivered at Clay Statue, and the lynching of the Mafia members in 1891 resulted from two addresses pronounced on the same spot.

  • The increasing car traffic of the city, and the network of railroad lines that circled about the monument made the vicinity dangerous to human life, and finally, sentiment yielded to reason and the monument was removed by act of the City Council in 1901 to this abiding place in Lafayette Square. It replaced the statue of Benjamin Franklin, which was moved from the center of the square to the east side. This work is from the chisel of Hiram Powers, and was presented to the city and erected in 1872. In the square stands the geodetic stone erected by the Coast and Geodetic Survey. By it is located exactly latitude 29:50:58 N. and longitude 90:04:09 W.
    On the west side of the square, facing the City Hall, is the monument erected by the public school children of the city to the great benefactor of the public school system of New Orleans, John McDonogh.
    Once a year, on the anniversary of McDonogh's death, the public school, children gather here and strew the mound with flowers.
    This thought is symbolized in the design of the monument.

  • At this point the visitor should cross the street and visit the

  • City Hall,

    which stands at the corner of Lafayette and St. Charles Street, overlooking the square. The hall was erected in 1850 and is an imitation of the Temple of Minerva, on the Acropolis, at Athens. It is built of marble. The noble Ionic portico with its beautiful columns is very imposing. The pediment is ornamented by a bas-relief of Justice, surmounted by figures emblematic of Commerce and Manufacture. A spacious marble hall extends the entire length of the building. To the left of the entrance are the Mayor's offices. Magnificent portraits of George Washington, Andrew Jackson and former Mayors of New Orleans adorn the walls. The handsome apartment on the right was formerly used as a library. Just beyond the stairs on the right is the Council Chamber. Here the body of Jefferson Davis was laid in state previous to temporary interment in Metairie Cemetery. The City Archives are on the fourth floor. In the basement are the offices of the City Treasurer, Comptroller, etc. An interesting room in this section is the headquarters of the fire-alarm telegraph. Many stirring events have transpired in and around the hall. In 18(51 the many Confederate regiments departing for the war received their colors in front of this building. From the steps they heard soul-stirring addresses, notably those of Dr. Palmer and Father Hubert, distinguished members of the New Orleans clergy, who followed as chaplains. In 1862 Captain Bailey came hither at the command of Admiral Farragut to demand the surrender of the city to the Federal forces. An angry crowd assembled about the building while Bailey was within and it was only by barricading the doors with furniture that it was kept out and the gallant sailor saved from its fury. He made his escape unobserved by a rear door.

  • During Mardi Gras time a spacious platform is built over the steps of the hall, on which hundreds sit to witness the parades. The Mayor receives the King of the Carnival in the hall on Mardi Gras Eve, and delivers to him the keys of the city on a velvet cushion, and in return receives from the merry monarch a decoration and the title of Duke of the Realm.

  • At the corner of Camp and Lafayette stands the

  • City Library.

    The building it occupies was formerly known as St. Patrick's Hall. The new library was opened in January, 1897, and was created by the merging into one of the library established under the Fisk bequest and the old city library, which formerly had its quarters in the City Hall. The library has an annual circulation of about 100,000 books. Seven hundred of its volumes are in foreign languages. It is said to have the most perfectly lighted reading-room in the world. Here may be seen carefully preserved in a glass case two volumes of the "Vie de Caesar," by the Emperor Napoleon II, which were presented by the author to the city.

  • The location of the new Post Office will be on Camp and Lafayette Streets, upon the site now occupied by the City Library. The latter building was sold by the City to the United States after the Post Office Commission had decided that this would be the most eligible site for the erection of the new building. From the proceeds of the sale a new library, complete and modern in every detail, will be built. The site will probably be in the vicinity of Lafayette Square. The location of the new Post Office will be an ideal one, good and convenient especially for business purposes. The erection of the building will vastly improve the vicinity of Lafayette Square and the whole of lower Camp Street. The erection of a separate Post Office building has become an actual necessity in New Orleans, so great has been the progress within the last few years. The United States, appreciating this fact, appropriated a sum sufficient wherewith to purchase a site. The appropriation of the building proper has yet to be made by Congress.

  • The Christian Woman's Exchange is diagonally across from the library on the corner of South and Camp Streets. The handsome brown edifice on the upper side of the square is the First Presbyterian Church. It was over this congregation that the noted divine, the late Dr. R. M. Palmer, presided from 1856 to May, 1902. The First Presbyterian Church, in its eventful history as a congregation, represents the growth of Presbyterianism in New Orleans. The first effort to plant Presbyterianism in New Orleans originated strangely enough with the Congregationalists of New England. In 1817 the Connecticut Missionary Society engaged a missionary to tour the Southwestern States and inquire into religious conditions. As a result of his investigations, the Rev. Sylvester Larned was sent to New Orleans in January, 1818. The City Council gave a plot of ground on St. Charles Street, between Union and Gravier, as a site for a Presbyterian Church, and Dr. Larned succeeded in negotiating a loan of $40,000 for the erection of the edifice. In 1820, Mr. Larned placed the number of communicants in his church at 40. Dr. Larned. died in 1820. Eighteen months later Dr. Theodore Clapp, a famous graduate of Yale and of the Theological Seminary at Andover, came to preside over the Church. Dr. Clapp liquidated the debt of the church by means of a lottery which he established, and by a personal donation of $20,000, which he received from Judah P. Touro, a princely merchant of Jewish faith, who became his warm friend through life. Dr. Clapp's ministry was a very troubled one, from the suspicions entertained of his doctrinal unsoundness. In 1824 he declared his faith was shaken in the doctrine of future punishment, and doubts thickening upon him through years, lie was at length forced to plant himself in open hostility to the whole Calvinistic theology. Twice he was called before the "Sessions" of the Presbytery. Finally, he was declared deposed from the ministery of the Presbyterian Church. But Dr. Clapp was a very brilliant man, and he. carried the bulk of the congregation and his church property with him. and founded the Unitarian Church in New Orleans. Presbyterianism had received a great blow. It had to make a new start, and from beginnings quite as small as the first, for only nine of the old congregation seceded from Dr. Clapp, and sought to reorganize the First Church. These nine worshiped in a warehouse on Lafayette Street, that was owned by Mr. Cornelius Paulding, and which was located on the site now occupied by Dr. Palmer's Church. In 1835 Dr. Parker came to minister to the congregation, and through his efforts a church costing nearly $70,000 was built. In 1854 the roll of communicants had reached 600. That same year the church was destroyed by fire, and the present handsome structure was begun. In the meantime Rev/ B. M. Palmer was called to the pastorate. He arrived in December, 1856, and in 1857 the beautiful edifice, which still stands the pride and monument of Presbyterianism in New Orleans, was completed and dedicated. It cost in all its appointments, the sum of $87,000. No man ever wielded a greater or more beneficent influence among his people than Dr. Palmer, and his name and memory are inseparably associated with the church.

  • On Camp Street, between Girod and Julia, is

  • St. Patrick's Church.

    The structure, which is Gothic in style, is worthy of the attention of the artist or student, whether considered merely for its size or for the splendor of its architecture. The plan of the church is an imitation of the famed York Minster, and is regarded as being the happiest effort in this field in the United States. The material is brick, rough cast, to simulate uncut stone. The church was erected early in the fifties by the Irish colony in New Orleans. The tower is 250 feet high and for many years "the four points of St. Patrick's steeple" were the guiding compass for New Orleans. The interior of the church is pure Gothic, with comparatively little ornamentation, except the reredos, which is very beautifully wrought. Back of the main altar is a very effective copy of Raphael' "Transfiguration." On the right is a picture of St. Peter walking on the waves, and on the left, St. Patrick baptizing the King's and Queens of Ireland in Tara's Hall, Among the beautiful pieces of statuary is the "Mater Dolorosa," which created such interest in the religious art exhibit at the World's Fair in Chicago.

On Camp, between Julia and St. Joseph, is the Naval Brigade Armory, a handsome structure recently erected at a cost of $20,000.

The Confederate Memorial Hall

occupies the grassy mound near the corner of Howard Avenue and Camp Street. It was presented to the city by Mr. Frank T. Howard, a philanthropic citizen. The hall is a neat structure of pressed brick, now overgrown in many places by creeping vines. The interior is finished in hard woods, and contains a magnificent collection of relics of the Civil War. Among the more interesting may be mentioned the uniform and sword of General J. JB. Hood, the saddle of General Bragg, the cradle and library of Jefferson Davis, portraits of Confederate Generals, etc. Washington's telescope is in one of the cases in the center of the hall.

Shortly after the death of Miss Winnie Davis her mother placed in Memorial Hall the most precious souvenirs that she possessed of her lamented daughter. Among these are all the childhood toys and school books, and paintings of the "Daughter of the Confederacy," her robe and crown and sceptre when she was Queen of Comus in New Orleans in 1892, and the badges presented to her by the various camps. Mrs. Davis also sent many personal souvenirs of Mr. Davis, among others all the important documents of the Confederacy in her possession, and the last suit of clothes and hat worn by Mr. Davis.

The cannon in front of the hall is the "Lady Slocomb," an J was used at Mobile in the Civil War. The building is used by the camps of the United Confederate Veterans as a meeting place.

The Howard Memorial Library

is a beautiful structure, erected in 1887 by Mrs. Annie Howard Parrot, as a memorial to her father, the late Charles T. Howard. The interior is finished in polished woods. The reading-room is circular in shape, exquisitely paneled, with carved rafters and ornamented in an extremely beautiful manner. The library contains about 35,000 books, including many extremely rare volumes. There is a collection of works bearing on the history of Louisiana, the like of which can nowhere else be found. Among the treasures of the library are copies of almost all the original works of Audubon, man> of which are now very difficult to find. The collection of early maps of America is unique and very valuable. Mr. William Beer, the librarian, is always pleased to exhibit his treasures.

Two squares further on the car turns into Prytania Street. This is one of the most beautiful residence sections in New Orleans. In the triangular-shaped square which marks the entrance to the street stands a monument from which looks down a woman with a little child at her side. This is

Margaret Place,

and the statue is that of Margaret Haughery, the humble baker woman who toiled all the long years of her life for the support and maintenance of the little orphans of this city. She erected the asylum that faces the square, St. Vincent's Infant Asylum, at the corner of Race and Magazine Streets, helped to build St. Elizabeth's Industrial Home for Girls and gave everywhere and to every needy child. Her small bakery grew through her exertions into an immense steam bakery, right in the center of the business life of the city, and she became a great factor in that life. Everyone, from the banker to the newsboy, would salute her as she sat at the door of her office of a morning, for everyone honored and respected her. They knew the great golden heart that lay beneath her plain and simple garb. She had never learned to read and write, and yet she died as no woman in New Orleans ever before had died, giving away thousands of dollars to the poor little orphans of the city.. A simple "Margaret Haughery (her mark)" was the signature to her will. No orphan asylum was forgotten, Jew and Protestant and Catholic were all remembered, for "they are all orphans alike," said Margaret, "and I was once an orphan myself." She had a funeral such as no woman in New Orleans had ever had, And almost before anyone could ever exactly tell how it began, the idea of a monument seemed to be in every mind. The ladies of New Orleans met and undertook to raise the money, and one morning, almost before the people of New Orleans, whom her presence had ennobled, and the little orphans whom she loved so well could realize it, they woke up to see their good friend Margaret sitting just as she used to do in life, in the same old chair apparently, in her old familiar dress, in the grassy plot in the square where she used to watch the orphans playing, in front of the home which she had built for them; and around . her shoulders the ladies had thrown, not the old shawl that she used to wear every day, but "the state occasion shawl," as Margaret used to call it, and which had been crocheted for her by the little 6-year-old tots of St. Vincent's Infants' Home. The City Council, by a special act, called the spot "Margaret Place." The monument is the first ever erected to a woman in the United States.

The asylum overlooking the place is called the "New Orleans Female Orphan Asylum." It was first founded in 1850 as a home to which the children from St. Vincent's Infant Asylum may be transferred and educated, and these in turn, as they grow older, are sent for special training in womanly work and art to St. Elizabeth's Asylum.

St. Anna's Asylum,

is a handsome stuccoed structure at the corner of St. Mary and Prytania Streets. It was founded by Dr. Mercer, in memory of his only daughter, Anna, as a retreat for poor gentlewomen, and was well endowed by him.

It is impossible to point out all the handsome houses on Prytania Street, which thence on is principally a residence street, but several may be particularly mentioned. At the corner of First and Prytania stands the mansion formerly occupied by Bradish Johnson, and now owned by Mr. W. D. Denegre. It is a rare specimen of Southern architecture. At the corner of Prytania and Second Is the home of Mrs. Ida Richardson, surrounded by grounds exquisitely kept and filled with the rarest order of tropical vegetation, including many palms from far Eastern climes. The hothouses are considered the most beautiful in the South.

At Washington Street the car runs between the Washington Street Cemetery on the one hand and the

Southern Athletic Club

on the other. This Club was one of the first founded in the South for the promotion of athletics and amateur sports. It has a large membership among the best classes. It belongs to the National Amateur Athletic Union. The clubhouse is of wood, the interior being finished in hard native woods. The gymnasium is 120x77 feet, and is fully equipped with every appliance for athletic training. There are hot and cold baths, a swimming pool, boxing and fencing rooms. Turkish and Russian baths, etc. In 1889 Kilrain trained at this Club for his fight with Sullivan at Richburg, Miss., and in 1892 Corbett trained here for his celebrated battle with Sullivan. It was to this clubhouse that Corbett returned after the fight, to receive the congratulations of his admirers. The visitors' book contains the autographs of many celebrities of the sporting world.

Touro Infirmary,

an admirable institution sustained by the Jews of the city, and managed by the Touro Infirmary and Hebrew Benevolent Association, occupies a square on Prytania Street, between Delachaise and Aline. The Association undertook the management and enlargement of Judah Touro's bequest for the relief of the suffering and needy of New Orleans. The original hospital was in the cotton press district, at the corner of Gaiennie and South Peters Streets, but when the city grew away from this section the Association decided to build a model hospital uptown, about twenty-seven years ago. Subsequently the management made many improvements, and a debt of $20,000 was incurred. To relieve this burden a great fair was given, in February, 1895. The entire South contributed liberally, and the magnificent sum of $60,000, net profits. was realized. This enabled the management to carry out many cherished plans for the further improvement of the infirmary. The hospital is built on the pavilion plan, amid lawns and gardens beautifully kept. It has free clinics, and all nationalities and creeds are admitted to their benefits. The hospital has accommodations for about 400 patients. Recently the Infirmary management decided to still further extend its facilities, and a new and more modern hospital building is contemplated.

Within the grounds stands a magnificent fountain, erected at a cost of $500, by the little Jewish children of New Orleans. On the same grounds as the infirmary was built, in 1899, at a cost of $35,000, the handsome three-storied brick, structure known as the Julius Weis Home for the Aged.

It was the generous gift of the philanthropic Hebrew whose name it bears. The Touro Infirmary Training School for Nurses is located in this building.

In the block above Touro Infirmary is the Home for the Aged and Infirm, conducted by the Little Sisters of the Poor. This is the uptown branch of the noble institution, corner of North Johnson and Laharpe Streets, in the French quarter. Between the two institutions nearly 600 old men and women, every one of whom is over 60 years of age, are cared for. Both houses are well worth a visit.

The car now passes* through a section full of small and pretty houses set in gardens end shaded by trees. The line terminates at Audubon Park.

Upper Camp, for the purpose of this Guide, comprehends that section of the thoroughfare lying above Calliope Street. The Magazine car will take the tourist up Camp as far as Calliope, and thence through Upper to Old Camp, to Louisiana Avenue, to Laurel Street, and thence to Audubon Park.

Beginning at Calliope Street, the visitor's attention is drawn to the handsome stone church occupied by the Episcopalian congregation of St. Paul's. It stands at the corner of Camp and Galennie Streets.

St. Paul's Church

was erected in 1893, on the site of an older structure, which was destroyed by fire a year or so before. The interior of the church is very beautiful. Its most remarkable feature is its tower, which is a reproduction of a famous structure at Oxford, England. The church is expensively finished with pavements and wainscot of colored marbles, and has a pleasing interior. This building was erected under the efficient management of the late Rev. H. H. Waters, who was for twenty-seven years in charge of the congregation. This church has a fine surpliced choir of boys and makes strangers welcome at its services.

The asphalted walk in the center of the street, bordered with grass plots and shaded with small trees, is called Margaret Walk, in memory of Margaret Haughery.

At the corner of Camp and Erato is St. Theresa's Church, a quaint specimen of Dutch architecture.

The car then skirts

Coliseum Place,

a large, irregular park, almost a half a mile long, and beautifully laid out and shaded with trees. It is a great playground for children and a fashionable promenade in summer.

At the corner of Camp and Terpsichore is the Coliseum Place Baptist Church, one of the oldest worshiping places of that denomination in the city.

Miss Sophie B. Wright's Free Night School for Boys is at the corner of Camp and Race.

The Felicity Street Methodist Church, plainly visible from the cars, is at the corner of Felicity and Chestnut Streets. It is a handsome brick structure and stands upon the site formerly occupied by a stately edifice of brick, which was built about 1850, in the Grecian style, and which was burned about eleven years ago.

At Felicity Street Camp divides; one branch retains the name of Camp, running uptown, and the other continues for two blocks, and intersects at St. Andrew Street with Magazine. The latter Branch is called Old Camp. The Magazine car runs through Old Camp and turns into Magazine just beyond the. lower Magazine Market. This market is smaller than the French market, and not so interesting.

The visitor will do well to leave the car at St. Andrew Street and visit the

"Ecclesiastical Square".

This comprises the group of schools, convents, churches and provincialate of the Redemptorist Order on or near the corner of Josephine and Constance Streets. There are the churches of St. Alphonsus and St. Mary's Assumption; the residence of the Reformptorist Fathers, who have built these churches, the Cod rent of Mercy, St. Alphonsus' Free Library, the school for colored children and other parochial schools and clubs.

St. Alphonsus' Church is on Constance Street, between St. Andrew and Josephine. It is of pure Renaissance architecture, with two towers, the steeples of which have never been completed. Over the main door, in a niche, is a statue of St. Alphonsus,, to whom the church is dedicated. The edifice has a seating capacity of 1,200. It was began in 1856 and dedicated in 1868. The visitor is struck immediately upon entering, by the profusion of ornamentation and the beautiful frescoes on which the painter and the gilder have exhausted the resources of their art The main altar cost $8,000. Over this altar is a very beautiful painting of St. Alphonsus, the work of a Roman artist. The large building used for the parish school, library, etc., stands in the open area on the downtown side of the church. The building cost $100,000, exclusive of its artistic embellishments.

St. Mary's Assumption Church is on Josephine, between Constance and Laurel Streets. The belfry is 190 feet high, and is considered very beautiful. It stands in the courtyard, near the side door of the church. The church is Renaissance in style, with ' an exterior the plainness of which contrasts well with the highly ornamental interior. The ceiling is covered with stucco traceries. The main altar, designed and executed in Munich, cost $10,000 and is considered one of the handsomest in America. The stained glass windows are very expensive and beautiful. The pulpit is hung in a remarkable Way.

The Convent of the Sisters of Mercy, on St. Andrew, between Magazine and Constance, was erected in 1858. Attached to the convent is a Boarding Home for Working Women, an orphanage and a Home of Mercy, where any poor woman may find shelter and food till she can obtain employment.

Upper Magazine Street.

On Magazine, between Jackson Avenue and Philip, stands the second oldest Presbyterian Church in the city — the Lafayette Church, built in 1843. For over half a century Rev. Dr. Thos. R. Markham. who was a great Confederate chaplain, was the rector. He was buried from this church. His monument is in Metairie Cemetery.

On Magazine, between Washington Avenue and Sixth Street, is a building known formerly as the Garden District Theatre, now owned and occupied by the First Baptist Church.

At the corner of Seventh and Magazine Streets is the upper Pythian Hall, built about 1893 for the use of the Knights of Pythias.

On Magazine, between Seventh and Eighth Streets, is a handsome brick structure, about which the vines clamber, suggesting peace and content. This is the Seventh Street Protestant Orphans' Home; it is under the management of a board of lady directors, and is ably conducted.

The Ninth Street Market stands at the corner of Ninth and Magazine.

At Louisiana Avenue the car leaves Magazine and runs out to Laurel. It proceeds up Laurel to the Audubon .Park, stopping near the entrance to the Horticultural Hall. This is the best line to take to reach the port.

The German Protestant Home for the Aged and Infirm is at No. 5919 Magazine. At No. 6126 will be found the Monastery of the Poor Clares. This is a cloistered community of nuns, similar to the Discalced Carmelite Nuns, whose home is in the old French quarter.

Adjoining the monastery on Henry Clay Avenue is the Home for Incurables. Three years ago the Louisiana Kings' Daughters undertook, through the offering of a cent a day for blessings received, to build an annex to the Home. The sum of $10,000 has been raised through these "blessing boxes." The new edifice will be erected during the year and will serve as the Ad- ministration Building of the Home.

In returning by the Magazine line, St. Vincent's Infant Asylum, "Margaret's Baby House." is passed. This interesting institution is at the corner of Magazine and Race Streets. It is in charge of the Sisters of Charity. It is the foundling asylum of the city, and contains at almost all times at least 200 children, infants in arms or babies just beginning to walk. No little motherless or abandoned babe is ever refused admittance here. The neatness, order and general perfection of the management are often commented upon admiringly. One of the most interesting features of the Asylum is the perfectly equipped kindergarten and the nursery, where several hundred little tots play about the floor or sleep in the pretty white-curtained beds, all unconscious of what life has in store for them. In the pretty parlor on the first floor is a picture of Margaret holding a babe in her arms. The memory of this gentle mother of the orphans is very fragrant in the Asylum.

The lower portion of Magazine Street is occupied largely by factories or wholesale grocery and produce stores.

The Maginnis Cotton Mills, which were incorporated in 1881, are on the corner of Annunciation and Calliope Streets, and their warehouse is at the corner of Magazine and Lafayette Streets. Originally the mills had 15,360 spindles and 360 looms, making sheeting, shirtings, drills and osnaburgs. The ready market for its product resulted in an enlargement of the plant in 1888, when the most modern English machinery was purchased, increasing the capacity of the mills three-fold. Even greater improvements have been made since then, and there are now over 40,000 spindles and nearly 1,500 looms in operation. These are kept going the year round, giving employment to over 1,000 people, many of whom are girls. The mill's output finds a ready market from Boston to San Francisco, from Chicago to Texas, and certain grades are shipped to China.

The Board of Trade has an entrance through the archway of Magazine Street, between Natchez Alley and Gravier Street. The archway passes through a three-story brick building, formerly known as the St. James Hotel. The rotunda of this hotel was, before the War, the principal slave mart in the city. The building is now occupied by offices.

The main office of the Southern Pacific Railroad is in the large gray building, with massive Greek portico, at the corner of Natchez Alley and Magazine Street.

The Picayune's Guide to New Orleans, 1904
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